The bare basics are this:
- The verb goes at the end
- Anything that isn't a verb can be anywhere before the verb itself and still be gramatically correct
- The Japanese version of prepositions go after the noun, whereas in English the noun comes after the preposition
That's it, really. No joke. I said they were the bare basics, didn't I?
Of course, there's always more, but that's the fun in learning a language!